## What were your contributions of Pierre Fermat to differential calculus?

Although Pierre de Fermat was known as the prince of amateurs, this French mathematician discovered differential calculus before Newton and Leibniz, co-founded probability theory with Blaise Pascal and independently of Descartes, and discovered the fundamental principle of The geometry …

## Who was Pierre Fermat and what did he do?

Pierre de Fermat and his famous Theorem Thus, Pierre de Fermat was the one who discovered differential calculus long before Newton and Leibniz. He was also a co-founder, along with Blaise Pascal, of probability theory and also discovered the fundamental principle of analytic geometry.

**What did Fermat do for probability?**

The most remembered of his work is in the Theory of numbers, in particular for Fermat’s last theorem and he contributed to the birth of the calculus of probabilities. Mathematics was his hobby for him. Fermat had the first idea about differential calculus and with Pascal he invented the calculus of probability.

**What were Sophie Germain’s contributions?**

The mathematician Sophie Germain (1776-1831) was born on April 1. She made important contributions to number theory and elasticity theory. One of the most important of them was the study of what are called Germain primes.

### How old was Sophie Germain?

On June 27, 1831, he died in Paris of breast cancer at the age of 55. Despite his extensive correspondence, Gauss and Sophie never met personally.

### How did Sophie Germain die?

June 27, 1831

**What female mathematician had to pass herself off as a man in order to study?**

Today’s first protagonist is Sophie Germain, a woman who had to pass herself off as a man in order to study. A story from the 18th century, where Sophie, at the age of 18, tried to enroll in the École Polytechnique in Paris, but then women were not allowed to study.

**Where was Sophie Germain born?**

April 1, 1776, Rue Saint-Denis, Paris, France

## How did Sophie Germain become famous?

He tried to prove Fermat’s Theorem, and although he was unable to do so, he obtained some results that influenced the mathematics of the time. Likewise, one of his best-known results is known as the Sophie Germain Theorem, recovered thanks to a footnote in a work by Adrien-Marie Legendre in 1823.

## Where did Sophie Germain study?

École polytechnique

**What did Mary Somerville do?**

The Scottish popularizer, the first person to whom the term «scientist» was applied, made the explanation of mathematics simple and contributed to the discovery of Neptune.

**What did Emmy Noether do?**

She is considered the mother of modern algebra with her theories on rings and bodies, but her contribution to science is not restricted to mathematics. Her work is fundamental to understanding the theory of relativity. Caption Noether is key to understanding all the theories of physics.

### Who dedicates words to Emmy Noether?

For such discoveries, Einstein dedicated these beautiful words to her: ‘In the judgment of the most competent living mathematicians, Fraulein Noether was the most significant creative mathematical genius since the higher education of women began’.

### Where was Amalie Emmy Noether born?

March 23, 1882, Erlangen, Germany

**Who was Noether?**

Amalie Emmy Noether (1882-1935) was one of the great mathematical minds of the 20th century. In 1919, David Hilbert and Felix Klein tried unsuccessfully to secure a Privatdozent position for Emmy Noether. The formal objection that was given was the sex of the candidate.

**When did Emmy Noether die?**

53 years (1882–1935)

## Who is the mother of mathematics?

Emmy Noether, mother of modern mathematics.

## Why did Emmy Noether die?

April 14, 1935

**When was Emmy Noether born and when did she die?**

**When was Emmy Noether born?**

### Where did Emmy Noether study?

University of Erlangen-Nuremberg1904–1907

### When did Emmy Noether die?

**What is the meaning of probability?**

Probability is a method by which the frequency of a given event is obtained by performing a random experiment, of which all possible outcomes are known, under sufficiently stable conditions.

**What were the beginnings of probability?**

The history of probability begins in the seventeenth century when Pierre Fermat «and Blaise Pascal» try to solve some problems related to games of chance. In 1812 Pierre Laplace »published Théorie analytique des probabilités in which he sets forth a mathematical analysis of games of chance.

## How did probability and statistics arise?

The mathematical methods of statistics arose from probability theory, which has its roots in the correspondence between Pierre de Fermat and Blaise Pascal (1654). In his book, Bernoulli introduced the idea of representing complete certainty as the number 1 and probability as a number between zero and one.

## How are the odds found?

Calculation of probabilities

- To calculate probabilities, the following formula is used:
- Probability = Favorable cases / Possible cases.
- The result is multiplied by 100 to express it as a percentage.
- Let’s look at some examples:
- a) Calculate the probability that heads will come up when flipping a coin:

**Who made the theory of probability?**

But the study of probability began much earlier, and it can be said that the precursors of this theory were Pierre de Fermat and Blaise Pascal. We go back to the 17th century.

**Why was probability used?**

It is widely used in areas such as statistics, physics, mathematics, social sciences, medical research, finance, economics, and philosophy to draw conclusions about the probability of potential events and the underlying mechanics of complex systems. …

### What is the formula to calculate the probability of an event?

Now, how do we calculate the probability of this event? When all elementary events have the same probability of occurring, the probability of any event A is defined as the ratio between the number of favorable cases and the number of possible cases. This is Laplace’s Law.